Understanding The Components of A Payroll Check: A Comprehensive Guide

Components of a Payroll Check

Completing the employee payroll check is a rigorous and difficult process. It includes a list of qualified workers eligible for payments and the entire amount the employer is responsible for paying them.

This is a crucial step within the organization, and the HR department needs to accurately assess each employee’s paycheck. While completing the payroll, the HR department also abides by different local laws and addresses each of the components of the payroll check minutely.

Different components are involved in each employee’s payroll check during their tenure. This article has focused on the primary components involved in employee payroll checks.


10 Components Of Employee Payroll Check

Here are ten key components of the payroll check of any employee under an organization.

1. Employee Information

Employee Information

The payroll check’s first and most important part is gathering information on an employee and data regarding their financial situation. Employers must abide by essential government laws and corporate standards to complete an employee’s paperwork before onboarding. Different data need to be checked and tracked for this. Some valuable examples would be –

  • attendance data
  • working hours
  • mid-year wage adjustment data
  • And some other data based on company standards and requirements

2. Pay Policy 

Pay Policy

Components of the payroll check also include the payment policy a company goes by, it is an internal policy of the company that may vary from one jurisdiction to another. Companies enjoy more liberty when planning these regulations and rules. Policies may vary from company to company based on different employee parameters such as attendance policies, overtime payment, leaves, benefits, and other allowances.

The employees deserve to have these policies explained to them through the employee handbook provided by the company.

3. Basic Pay

Basic Pay

The base pay or the basic pay can range between 35% to 65% of the CTC for each employee within an organization. The base pay remains fixed for an employee during their tenure. However, different factors influence the basic pay of any employee within an organization.

The primary determining factor of the base pay is the hierarchical position or the designation any employee holds within an organization. The secondary factors are the added responsibilities and fixed commissions. The basic Salary is fully taxable.

4. Allowances


Allowances are monetary advantages provided to the employees’ regular income. The employers add the allowances to make up for any cost incurred during the completion of the services. There are three groups of salary allowances –

  • Taxable
  • Nontaxable
  • And Partially taxable allowances.

This component of the payroll check includes the different allowances in the employee’s CTC. For example, you can take dearness, rent, medical, travel, family, and conveyance allowances.

5. Deductions


There are both voluntary and involuntary payroll deductions or wage withdrawals. These deductions are taken from the employee’s CTC to pay for different taxes and perks like health insurance. Simply put, these deductions refer to the amount removed from an employee’s monthly paycheck.

The involuntary deductions are such as garnishments, taxes, and withholding. But the voluntary deduction from the paycheck includes health insurance payments, insurance premiums, stock options, etc. There are some optional payroll deductions as well. These get deducted pre- and post-tax, given the employee has provided written consent. Also, employees failing to complete their tax deductions may be held accountable.

6. Gross Salary

Gross Salary

The gross Salary is the cost incurred by an employer for employing any worker. The CTC or the gross Salary is the employees’ Salary before voluntary and involuntary deductions. Employers include all the deductible amounts for an employee in the gross Salary or the CTC.

Aside from the different deductibles mentioned in the article, some employers also contribute to their employee’s retirement schemes. Those components of the payroll check also get factored in during the gross Salary calculation.

7.Net Salary

Net Salary

Another important factor of the payroll check is the net Salary. It is the amount an employee gets after all the deductibles are subtracted from their CTC. In different professional fields, the net Salary is termed ‘take home salary, ‘in hand salary.’

From employee to employee, the net Salary can vary based on the different areas of deductibles. For example, many employees participate in their company’s investment plans. This can cause their net Salary to be lower than others.

Here is the list of the deductibles from the gross Salary –

  • Professional tax.
  • Provident fund.
  • Employee state insurance
  • Public and voluntary provident fund.
  • Different allowances are also deductibles.

8. Ad Hoc Payment

Ad Hoc Payment

Employees also enjoy different ad-hoc payments and benefits throughout the year. These are called ad hoc payments. This component of the payroll check includes annual bonuses, festival advances, or leave encashments. These are examples of occasional or one-time income. Some companies provide quarterly deductions before any major festival starts.

Also, sometimes Salaries or wages provided to the employees on a request basis also get calculated as ad-hoc compensation.

9. Tax Deduction At Source

Tax Deduction At Source

Direct tax deduction from the gross Salary does not start until an employee becomes eligible to become a part of the tax slab. When an employee becomes eligible for TDS, the employer deducts the tax amount directly from their monthly paycheck.

Employers must maintain a strict database of the TDS being deducted every month and avoid fines.

10. Prerequisites 


prerequisites are some fringe benefits exclusively available to ranking and highly designated employees. These benefits include – rent-free living, medical Policy, company vehicles, travel expenses, insurance premiums, etc.

Employees receiving prerequisites get the monetary value of these services added to their gross income. And this component of the payroll check is fully taxable.

Final Words

The HR needs to abide by and maintain several guidelines and laws while completing the payroll check of each of the employees. It is indeed a challenging yet crucial process. The process might also take cross-channel communication among different departments in an organization.

I hope that the information about the different components of the payroll check in this article was helpful. However, if you need any further assistance with the same, please let us know through the comment section below. We will get back to you soon.

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Shahnawaz is a passionate and professional Content writer. He loves to read, write, draw and share his knowledge in different niches like Technology, Cryptocurrency, Travel,Social Media, Social Media Marketing, and Healthcare.


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