What Are Small Business Loans And How To Apply For It – A Complete Guide In 2021

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Small Business Loans

As an entrepreneur, you need to manage all the aspects of your business. Among all the responsibilities, funding is the most important factor. You need capital at different stages of a business. One of the best ways to fund your business is through small business loans. 

Although business owners try to make optimal use of their resources, sometimes they may need a funding source for various reasons. It can be for expanding their business, starting a new project, recovering from a loss, etc. No matter why you need a business loan, this post will help you with the steps you need to apply for small business loans.

How To Apply For Small Business Loans?

Are you looking for small business loans? Read this complete guide to know how to apply for a loan for your business step by step.

  • Identify The Reason Behind Taking Loans

Taking Loans

First of all, you need to identify whether you actually need a business loan or not. If you think you need capital for your business, you should identify specific reasons. For start-ups, the reason is very clear that you need funds to start your business

However, if you already have a business and you need money for starting a new project or you want to recover from a loss or anything else. You should clearly specify why you need capital and how much you want.  

  • Determine The Amount Of The Business Loan

Amount Of The Business Loan

After identifying your need, you should also decide how much you want to borrow. When it comes to determining the amount of business loan, you need the financial statement of your company. Or, if you are starting-up, you should have a proper financial plan for your business. 

Again, you also need to evaluate your credit score and history into account before determining your loan amount. If you have a bad credit score, lenders may not agree to lend you the amount you need. So, you should assess your credit score before applying for small business loans. 

  • Evaluate Your Credit Score And History

Evaluate Your Credit Score

Credit score plays the most important role in applying for small business loans. For start-ups, the lenders will consider your personal credit history along with your business credit history. Before you apply for small business loans, keep your personal credit history in order. There are several credit reporting agencies; you can consult them to calculate your credit score

Check your eligibility based on your credit score. Typically, you can get approval for a business loan when you have a credit score above 700. Remember, every lender doesn’t use the same method to evaluate credit score, so you should take this factor into account. 

  • Review Different Borrowing Options

Review and compare different borrowing options available after evaluating your credit score. Don’t just consider national and commercial banks. You can increase your chance from smaller regional banks. 

You can also reach out to other financial institutions or agencies other than banks. If you are a member of a local credit union, you can apply for small business loans from there. Apart from that, you can also get a loan from microfinance that usually approves loans for startups. 

  • Analyze The Key Terms Of Business Loan

Terms Of Business Loan

Before you choose a business plan, you need to consider the terms of a business loan whether it makes any sense to your business. Here are some key points to consider while choosing a business loan option. 

  • Consider the interest rate, whether it’s fixed or variable. 
  • You need to consider the repayment option. 
  • How much does the lender charge for originating the loan?
  • What other costs and fees such as processing fees, administration fees, etc. 
  • Consider the loan default terms. 
  • What reports and documents do you need to apply for the loan? 
  • What method does the lender use to calculate the credit score? 

Don’t forget to analyze these factors before you apply for a loan. It will help you to choose the right lender and get the best small business loans. 

  • Prepare A Business Pitch

Business Pitch

After reviewing different business options, you need to prepare a business pitch. Your business plan will help and guide you. Highlight your need and pitch it to the lending officer. Before that, you need to make an appointment with the lender. 

From financial statements to business objectives, you need to present your business plan to the loan officer clearly. Don’t forget to mention the executive summary in your business plan because many loans ask for it in the first place. So, it’s an essential aspect of your presentation. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On Small Business Loans

Here are some frequently asked questions about small business loans. Go through them to get some clarity before applying for a loan for your business. 

Why Do Small Businesses Need Loans? 

There are various needs, here are the most important reasons for which small businesses apply for a loan: 

  • Business expansion.
  • Manage inventory cost.
  • Improve cash flow.
  • Start a new project.

Why Is It Hard For Small Businesses To Get A Loan?

Here are some common reasons for which a small business owner fails to avail of a business loan.

  • Improper documentation of the business plan can lead to disapproval. 
  • Lenders consider startup businesses are riskier. 
  • Inconsistent cash flow. 
  • Low credit score

Why Is A Business Loan Important? 

Some business owners or aspiring entrepreneurs don’t consider taking out a loan as a good option. However, it’s important for a business to take a loan to improve and grow its business. Loans can benefit a business in the following ways: 

  • Manage working capital. 
  • Collateral free loans. 
  • More business flexibility. 

The Bottom Line

Now that you know the step-by-step process of how to apply for small business loans. Make sure that there is an actual need. It’s not a wise decision to borrow loans unnecessarily.

If you have any queries regarding business loans, please write in the comment section. Lastly, don’t hesitate to seek advice from a business consultant if you need professional help.

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